How we farm

Take a virtual tour through our farm and see the techniques, tools, and infrastructure we use to farm sustainably.

Farming in Yangon is easy at times and frustrating at others. Six months of rain and an endless supply of sunlight give us all the resources we need to farm all year round. But the humid weather also helps bacteria and viruses thrive. Every season is a learning opportunity for us, and we share our lessons with you here.

What’s growing

Gazunmyo Farms

Dealing with the tropics

Water management

Our farm’s future is dependent on water security. Planning starts now.

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Compost as fertiliser

Soil health

Bacteria. Earthworms. Organic litter. Making our soil as alive as possible.

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Pests & diseases

Inevitable but manageable. We rely on biodiversity to control pest populations.

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Growing techniques

Simple tools and careful planning are all we need to grow high-value crops.

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Preparing for the market

Our research

We conduct regular experiments to find innovative ways to grow healthy vegetables at lower costs. Below are some of the techniques and methods we have been experimenting with to become more sustainable.

Azolla ponds

Azolla is an aquatic fern biofertiliser that we have been growing to reduce our reliance on chicken and cow manures. This rapidly-growing fern absorbs nitrogen from the atmosphere with the help of a photosynthetic bacterium, and releases it during decomposition. In the experiments we have conducted, our azolla multiplied quickly but turned brown after a week. We are currently conducting more research to understand what conditions it needs to thrive.

Sunn hemp

To prevent a build-up of pests and diseases on our farm, we rotate our crops with sunn hemp, a leguminous nitrogen-fixing plant with edible yellow flowers. We have been growing sunn hemp on our farm for over a year now, and it has improved our soil in ways we had not imagined. Sunn hemp suppresses weeds, attracts bees and butterflies, and feeds the soil a continuous supply of nitrogen. It establishes a strong root network that loosens the soil, which reduces our need for tilling. We have observed that vegetables grown in the same spot after sunn hemp produce bigger leaves and have a higher resistance to pests.


We believe soil health is central to the robust growth of our vegetables. Healthy soil contains an ecosystem of bacteria, earthworms, nematodes and other microorganisms that help break down nutrients in the soil for plants to absorb. To improve the soil on our farm, we have been making our own compost and adding it to our vegetable beds as food for the soil microorganisms. Our compost is made from cow manure, dry straw and grass, and green vegetable waste. We have observed that it takes about three months to fully decompose into fine compost.