Knowing what soil your plants like is essential to growing delicious vegetables. Soil composition affects how far your vegetables’ roots can grow, how much water it can absorb, what nutrients it’ll get, and so on.
A good rule of thumb is to see plants by the climate they would naturally grow in. Each plant has specific needs so you, as a farmer, need to give your plants the right conditions.
For example, za-bar (rice), gazunywet (watercress), and myin-khwar-ywet (pennywort) love the wet, humid conditions of Yangon and the surrounding delta regions. They’re semi-aquatic plants so they do well in clay soils and flooded fields.
Foreign vegetables like curly kale, oak lettuce, and Italian basil come from cool, dry Mediterranean Europe, so they’re more suited to the climate of the Shan hills. They prefer soils with high organic content (compost, manure, etc) and continuous moisture, so mulching is a necessity for these vegetables.
Then you have other fruits and vegetables such as tamarind, zee-thee (plums), buthee (gourd), tomatoes, and beans that have adapted to the dry, sandy soil of central Myanmar. If planted during the rains, these plants will live off rainwater captured in the soil.
Study the climate you’re in and what soil you have. Then choose vegetables that would love to live on your farm.